Frequently asked questions and answers about the Covid-19

Most Viewd

Brian Adam
Professional Blogger, V logger, traveler and explorer of new horizons.

Frequently asked questions and answers about the Covid-19

In the face of the coronavirus pandemic, many people generate fear or stress; however, it is important to have clear information about the disease.

Frequently Asked Questions And Answers About The Covid 19
Frequently Asked Questions And Answers About The Covid 19

The new coronavirus pandemic in the world it has generated fear among the population, given reports of the spread of the virus and the number of deaths on the planet; as well as the response of governments, such as closing borders and implementing quarantine measures to prevent contagion.
One of the leading causes of fear is ignorance of the subject, so we present you the frequently asked questions about Covid-19, to which the World Health Organization gives answers.
What is a coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that can cause disease in animals and humans. In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections that can range from the common cold to more severe illnesses such as the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS ). The most recently discovered coronavirus causes Covid-19 coronavirus disease.
What is Covid-19 coronavirus?
Covid-19 is the most recently discovered infectious disease caused by the coronavirus in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.
What are the symptoms of Covid-19?
The most common symptoms of Covid-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may experience pain, nasal congestion, runny nose (runny nose), sore throat, or diarrhoea.
These symptoms are usually mild and appear gradually. Some people become infected but do not develop any symptoms and are not ill. Most people (about 80 per cent) recover from the disease without the need for any special treatment.
About one in six people who get Covid-19 develops a severe illness and have trouble breathing. Older people and those with underlying medical conditions, such as high blood pressure, heart problems, or diabetes, are more likely to develop severe illness. About 2 per cent of people who have contracted the disease have died. People with fever, cough, and shortness of breath should seek medical attention.
How is the Covid-19 coronavirus spread?
A person can get Covid-19 from contact with someone who is infected with the virus. The disease can spread from person to person through drops from the nose or mouth, which are thrown off when an infected person coughs or exhales.
These drops fall on objects and surfaces around the person, so other people can get Covid-19 if they touch these objects or surfaces and then touch their eyes, nose, or mouth. They can also be spread by inhaling the drops that a person with Covid-19 has given by coughing or exhaling. So it is important to stay more than 1 meter away from a person who is sick.
Can the virus causing Covid-19 to be transmitted through the air?
Studies to date suggest that the virus causing Covid-19 is transmitted primarily through contact with respiratory drops, rather than through the air.
Is it possible to get Covid-19 from contact with a person who does not have any symptoms?
The primary way of spreading the disease is through the respiratory drops expelled by someone when coughing. The risk of getting Covid-19 from someone with no symptoms is shallow. However, many people who get ovid-19 have only mild symptoms. This is particularly true in the early stages of the disease. Therefore, it is possible to get it from someone who, for example, only has a mild cough and does not feel sick.
Is it possible to get Covid-19 from contact with the faeces of a person with the disease?
The risk of contracting Covid-19 from contact with the faeces of an infected person appears to below . Although initial research suggests that the virus may be present in some cases in faeces, spread via this route is not one of the characteristic features of the outbreak.
However, it is a risk and therefore is one more reason to wash your hands frequently, after using the bathroom and before eating.
What can I do to protect myself and prevent the spread of the disease?
Protective measures for all people:
Keep up to date with the latest information on the Covid-19 outbreak, which can be accessed on the WHO website and through relevant public health authorities at the national and local levels. Cases have been reported in many countries around the world, and outbreaks have occurred in several of them. The Chinese authorities and those of other countries have managed to slow down or stop the outbreak progress. Still, the situation is unpredictable, and it is necessary to check the latest news regularly.
Several precautions can be taken to reduce the chance of getting or spreading Covid-19:
  • Wash your hands thoroughly and frequently using an alcohol-based disinfectant or soap and water.
Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using an alcohol-based disinfectant kills viruses that may be on your hands.
  • Keep a minimum distance of 1 meter between you and anyone who coughs or sneezes.

Why? When someone coughs or sneezes, they give off a few drops of liquid through their nose or mouth that may contain the virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the slides and with them the Covid-19 virus, if the coughing person has the disease.

  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth

Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, the hands can transfer the virus to the eyes, nose, or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and cause illness.

  • Both you and those around you should make sure you maintain good airway hygiene. That means covering your mouth and nose with your elbow bent or with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. The used handkerchief should be discarded immediately.

Why? Viruses spread through the drops. By maintaining good respiratory hygiene, you are protecting people around you from viruses like the cold, flu, and Covid-19.

  • Stay home if you are not feeling well. If you have a fever, cough, and shortness of breath, seek medical attention and call ahead. Follow the instructions of the local health authorities.

Why? National and local authorities will have the most up-to-date information on the situation in their area. Calling ahead will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health centre. This will also protect you and help prevent the spread of viruses and other infections.

  • Stay informed about the latest news regarding the Covid-19. Follow the advice of relevant national and local health authorities or your employer on how to protect yourself and others from Covid-19.

Why? National and local authorities will have the most up-to-date information on whether COVID-19 is spreading in your area. They are the most suitable interlocutors to advise on what people in your area should do to protect you.

  • Check the latest news on the most dangerous areas (that is, the cities and places where the disease is spreading most widely). If possible, avoid moving to these areas, especially if you are elderly or have diabetes, heart or lung disease.

Why? These precautions should be taken in these areas because the probability of contracting Covid-19 is higher.

Protective measures for people who are in areas where Covid-19 is spreading or who have recently visited them.

  • Stay home if you start to feel ill, even if it is for mild symptoms such as headache, slight fever (37.3 oC or higher), and mild runny nose until you recover. If you need to leave home or receive a visit (for example, to get food), put on a mask to avoid infecting other people.
  •  If you have a fever, cough, and shortness of breath, seek medical advice quickly, as it could be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Call ahead and tell your doctor about any trips you’ve recently taken or any contact you’ve had with travellers.

Faqs About Corona Virus
Faqs About Corona Virus

How likely are you to get Covid-19?

The risk depends on where you are and, more specifically, whether a Covid-19 outbreak is occurring at that location.

For most people in most places, the risk of getting this disease remains low. However, we know that there are some places where it is spreading and where the risk of contracting it is higher, both for the people who live in them and for those who visit them.

Governments and health authorities are acting with determination every time a new case of Covid-19 is detected. We all must respect the restrictions on travel, travel and the mass concentrations of people applicable to each specific place. If we cooperate with measures to fight the disease, we will reduce the risk that each of us runs of contracting or spreading it.

As has been proven in China and other countries, it is possible to stop Covid-19 outbreaks and end their transmission. However, the high speed with which new outbreaks can appear forces us to be aware of the situation in the places where we are or where we intend to go.

Should I be concerned about the Covid-19?

Symptoms of Covid-19 are generally mild, especially in children and young adults. However, they can also be severe and force about one in five infected to hospitalize. Therefore, it is quite reasonable to worry about the effects that the Covid-19 outbreak can have on our loved ones and us.

This concern should help us adopt protective measures for ourselves, our loved ones and the communities where we live. The primary and most important measure is regular and complete hygiene of the hands and respiratory tract. Second, it is important to stay informed and follow the advice of local health authorities, such as those related to travel, commuting and events where large numbers of people may be concentrated.

Who is at risk of developing a severe illness?

We still have a lot to learn about how COVID-2019 affects humans. Still, it appears that older people and those with pre-existing medical conditions (such as high blood pressure, heart disease, or diabetes) develop severe cases of the disease with more frequency than others.

Are there medications or therapies to prevent or cure Covid -19?

Although some western, traditional, or home remedies can provide comfort and alleviate the symptoms of Covid-19, there is no evidence that current medications can prevent or cure the disease. The WHO does not recommend self-medication, particularly with antibiotics, to prevent or cure COVID-19. There are several ongoing clinical trials with traditional and western medications.

Are there medications or therapies to prevent or cure Covid -19?

Although some western, traditional, or home remedies can provide comfort and alleviate the symptoms of Covid-19, there is no evidence that current medications can prevent or cure the disease. The WHO does not recommend self-medication, particularly with antibiotics, to prevent or cure COVID-19. There are several ongoing clinical trials with traditional and western medications.

Is there a vaccine, medication, or treatment for Covid-19?

To date, there is no specific vaccine or antiviral medication to prevent or treat Covid-2019. However, those affected must receive health care to relieve symptoms. People with severe cases of the disease should be hospitalized. Most patients recover with the help of support measures.

Possible vaccines and different specific pharmacological treatments are being investigated. There are ongoing clinical trials to test them. WHO is coordinating efforts to develop vaccines and drugs to prevent and treat Covid-19.

Are Covid-19 and SARS the same?

No. The genome of the virus that causes Covid-19 and the one responsible for the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is similar, but not the same. SARS is more deadly but much less infectious than Covid-19. Since 2003, there have been no SARS outbreaks anywhere in the world.

Should I use face masks to protect myself?

If the characteristic respiratory symptoms of Covid-19 do not appear or you do not take care of a person who may have contracted this disease, it is not necessary to wear a clinical mask. Remember that disposable masks can only be used once and also keep in mind that if you are not ill or do not take care of someone who is, you are wasting a mask. The world’s stock of face masks is depleting, and WHO urges that they are used sensibly.

How long is the Covid-19 incubation period?

The incubation period is the time between infection by the virus and the appearance of symptoms of the disease. Most estimates regarding the Covid-19 incubation period range from 1 to 14 days, and are generally around five days.

Can humans contract the Covid-19 virus from contact with an animal?

Coronaviruses are an extensive family of viruses that are common among bats and other animals. Rarely, people become infected with these viruses, which can then spread to others. For example, SARS-CoV was associated with civets, and MERS-CoV is transmitted through dromedaries. The possible animal origin of Covid-19 has not yet been confirmed.

As a protection measure, when visiting live animal markets or in other similar situations, avoid direct contact with animals and surfaces that are in touch with them. Make sure that proper food hygiene practices are followed at all times. Handle raw meat, milk or organs of animals carefully to avoid contamination of uncooked food and avoid consuming raw or undercooked animal products.

Can my pet infect me with Covid-19?

Although there has been a case of an infected dog in Hong Kong, to date, there is no evidence that a dog, cat, or any pet can transmit Covid-19. Covid-19 is spread mainly through the drops produced by an infected person by coughing, sneezing, or talking. To protect yourself, wash your hands thoroughly frequently.

How long does the virus survive on a surface?

It is not known for how long the virus causing Covid-19 survives on a surface, but it appears to behave like other coronaviruses. Studies (including available preliminary information on the Covid-19 illness) indicate that coronaviruses can subsist on a cover for a few hours to several days. The time may vary depending on the conditions (for example, the type of surface, the temperature or the humidity of the environment).

If you think a surface may be infected, clean it with a common disinfectant to kill the virus and thereby protect yourself and others. Wash your hands with an alcohol-based disinfectant or soap and water. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, or nose.

Is it safe to receive a package from an area where COVID-19 cases have been reported?

Yes. The likelihood of an infected person contaminating commercial items is low, and the risk of contracting the virus causing Covid-19 from contact with a package that has been handled, transported, and exposed to different conditions and temperatures is also low.

Is there something I shouldn’t do?

The following measures are not effective against Covid-2019 and may be harmful:

  • Smoke 
  • Wear several masks
  • Take antibiotics 

In any case, if you have a fever, cough, and shortness of breath, try to get medical attention as soon as possible to reduce the risk of developing a more severe infection, and be sure to inform your doctor about your recent trips.

More Articles Like This

Regulators owe banks a favor after pandemic

Regulators' anger is drawing away from banks. Large lenders spent the last decade atoning for the 2008 crisis....

Travel lacks a long way to catch up

It has never been truer that the journey is the destination. Travel has shown resistance after previous crises, suggesting that once a vaccine,...

The best smartwatches under 150 euros in mid 2020

The world of smartwatches is becoming increasingly populated with interesting devices. Let's analyze the band below 150 euros together. Ladies and gentlemen, the month of...

What will change when the coronavirus passes

Someday, we will look back and remember quarantine as a training experience. For some it will be a heartbreaking affair, in which their...

Windows 10, what does the message 'Your device is not ready' mean?

Recently, several users have seen it appear on Windows 10 an icon with a question mark and a message which warns that their device...

The Covid-19 accelerates the arrival of the elevator without cables

To the relief of post-pandemic office workers in the elevator queue, cordless elevators are no longer just for Charlie and the chocolate factory....

Sanofi finds in M&A the cure for its CEO blunder

Sanofi CEO Paul Hudson is not going to let a small fuss over the Covid-19 take him out of his way. The French...